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Title

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and gender differences

 

Authors

Seerat Hussain Beigh* & Saroj Jain

 

Affiliation

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, NIMS University, Jaipur, INDIA.

 

Email

seerat010@yahoo.co.in; *Corresponding author

 

Article Type

Hypothesis

 

Date

Received June 14, 2012; Accepted June 18, 2012; Published July 06, 2012

 

Abstract

In a comparative study, involving 500 subjects with 294 males and 206 females aged 30 years and above, data were collected from NIMS (National Institute of Medical Sciences) hospital and research centre and controls from the general population whose age and sex were matched with subjects during the years 2010 - 2011. Metabolic syndrome was present both in women and men corresponding to 29% and 23% of the womenís and menís sample, respectively. The prevalence was higher in women than in men. In women, elevated BMI, low HDL cholesterol, increased waist circumference and hyperglycemia were significantly larger contributors to the metabolic syndrome while in men these were hypertension and elevated triglycerides. The contribution of several metabolic components to the metabolic syndrome is different in men and women. This might contribute to gender specific differences in the relative risk of metabolic complications such as insulin resistance.

 

Keywords

Prevalence, Metabolic Syndrome, Gender differences, Insulin resistance, BMI

 

Citation

Beigh & Jain, Bioinformation 8(13): 613-616 (2012)
 

Edited by

P Kangueane

 

ISSN

0973-2063

 

Publisher

Biomedical Informatics

 

License

This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.