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A review on Respiratory allergy caused by insects


Mohd Adnan Kausar



Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia, KSA.



Dr. Mohd Adnan Kausar - Email:; *Corresponding author


Article Type




Received December 3, 2018; Revised December 20, 2018; Accepted December 20, 2018; Published December 22, 2018



Hypersensitivity or allergy encompasses a wide range of immunological reactions that generally have adverse consequences involving one or many organ systems of the body. Allergens are usually glycoprotein or chemically complex low molecular weight substances. The common allergens include pollen, fungal spores, house dust mite and house dust, animal danderís, drugs, foods, insect emanations, and detritus, etc. Information on the role of insects in respiratory allergy is increasing in the literature. There are about 30 million living species of insects. These insects can broadly be classified as stinging insects, biting insects and non-stinging and non-biting insects. All materials form insets namely wings, scales, saliva, dried feces and venom can cause allergic diseases, such as rhinitis, conjunctivitis, asthma and urticaria. There are wide varieties of insects such as moths, butterflies, bees, wasps, hornets, yellow jackets, flies, beetles, cockroaches, and mosquitoes. Exposure to emanations and detritus of these insects may lead to several allergies in some genetically predisposed individuals. Therefore, it is of interest to review allergies caused by various insectís stings and bites and their adverse effect on the human body.



Allergens, respiratory allergy, insect allergens, Mosquito allergens, Cockroach allergens



Kausar et al. Bioinformation 14(9): 540-553 (2018)


Edited by

P Kangueane






Biomedical Informatics



This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.