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Proximate composition, phytochemicals, minerals and antioxidant activities of Vigna mungo L. seed coat



Pushpam Marie Arockianathan*, Kumar Rajalakshmi & Priya Nagappan



PG & Research Department of Biochemistry, St. Joseph’s College of Arts & Science (Autonomous), Cuddalore-607001, Tamil Nadu, India


Telephone: +91-4142-286311; Fax: 91-4142-286315; Dr. P. Marie Arockianathan -  Email:
pmanathan26@gmail.com; *Corresponding author


Article Type

Research Article



Received August 11, 2019; Revised September 2, 2019; Accepted September 3, 2019; Published September 10, 2019



Vigna mungo L. seed coat is an agro by-product, available in substantial quantity, with no clear evidence to prove its economic importance. In the present study, the phytochemicals, proximate content, minerals and in vitro antioxidant activities of aqueous (AE), ethanol (EE) and 80% ethanolic extract (80% EE) of Vigna mungo L. seed coat were determined. The total carbohydrate, total protein, crude fibre, ash and moisture content of the seed coat were found to be 27.52±2.71%, 10.07±0.92%, 48.67±1.96%, 4.87±0.288% and 11.03±0.49% respectively. The content of total phenolics and flavonoids were significantly higher in 80% EE than other extracts. The mineral composition showed that seed coat was rich in calcium, sodium, potassium, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc and manganese. The higher antioxidant potential was shown by 80% EE in DPPH and SOD assay whereas AE shows more scavenging activity in H2O2 assay. So it can be used as neutraceuticals in food supplements.



Vigna mungo L.; antioxidant; proximate analysis; phytochemical analysis; seed coat.



Arockianathan et al. Bioinformation 15(8): 579-585 (2019)


Edited by

P Kangueane






Biomedical Informatics


License This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.