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Title

Biotechnology, Bioinformatics and BIOINFORMATION in an Autobiography

Authors

Pandjassarame Kangueane

 

Affiliation

Biomedical Informatics (P) Ltd

 

Email

kangueane@bioinformation.net; kangueane@gmail.com

 

Article Type

Editorial

 

Date

January 1, 2020; Accepted January 24, 2020, Published January 25, 2020

 

Abstract

Science is observation. Application of Science is engineering. A 0% error is desired in Science, while a 25% error is usually allowed in Engineering. Technology is engineering with Science where the formal error rate is considerably reduced to improve precision. Biotechnology is truly interdisciplinary with an optimal mix of physics, chemistry and biology linked by mathematics. Chemistry evolved into chemical engineering and biochemistry into biochemical engineering. Biochemical engineering with genetics and molecular biology created Biotechnology. Biotechnology with computer science developed Bioinformatics. Bioinformatics used biological data to glean BIOINFORMATION for Biological Knowledge Discovery (BKD). This helped to accelerate drug discovery and develop other biologics (biomarkers, vaccines, seed developments, bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides) towards improved service for healthcare, agriculture, food production, food processing and food distribution across international borders as per demand supply in the supply chain. It is joyful to realize the personal experience with the multifaceted features of Biotechnology, Bioinformatics and Bioinformation in a comprehensive manner over a period of four to five decades. This educational path is truly exciting, engaging and enterprising.

 

Keywords

Biotechnology, Bioinformatics, Bioinformation

 

Citation

Kangueane, 16(1): 39-138 (2020)

 

Edited by

P Kangueane

 

ISSN

0973-2063

 

Publisher

Biomedical Informatics

 

License

This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.