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Neutrino intergalactic communication, metal life, and viruses: quo vadis ex machina Part 1


Paul Shapshak1*



1Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Internal Medicine, University of South Florida, Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa, FL 33606, USA;



E-mail: pshapshak@gmail.com


Article Type




January 22, 2021; Accepted February 27, 2020, Published February 28, 2021



At one spectrum extreme, notions of Astrobiology posit that for exoplanets with Goldilocks conditions, terrestrial-like life is inevitable. Moreover, it is conceived that via panspermia, terrestrial-like life and its precursors are transferred among galaxies, stars, and within solar systems via transiting comets, asteroids, planetoids, and expelled stars, which have solar systems. [1] However, at the other extreme, we propose that on some planets, subject to non-Goldilocks conditions, metal machine life could arise, ab initio, and conjointly evolve viruses, intelligence, and civilizations. Accordingly, intelligent mechanized civilizations could readily and efficiently commence space exploration. Furthermore, such civilizations could experiment and produce non-metallic life, based on carbon and other non-metal elements, under suitable conditions, similar to Goldilocks’ life. Even a single example of validated interstellar or intergalactic communication received on the Earth would support the existence of life elsewhere. The communication platform should not be restricted to electromagnetic radiation. Other platforms should be included as well – one such example, which would require sophisticated technology, is neutrino communication. This is the case for any advanced civilization, be it metal-machine based or biological. In sum, civilizations based on machine life, would be highly productive due to the longevity and hardiness of machine life. However, significant caveats are raised in this brief report, because possibly dissimilar psychologies and intelligence may lead to conflicts between metal machine life and biological life.



Machine life, exoplanets, Goldilocks, astrobiology, life, metals, non-metals, ab initio, virus, origin, comets, asteroids, moons, panspermia, Artificial Intelligence, space exploration, electromagnetic radiation, neutrino, intergalactic and interstellar communication, psychology,



Shapshak, Bioinformation 17(2): 331-336 (2021)


Edited by

P Kangueane






Biomedical Informatics



This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.