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Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) analysis of maxillary sinus septa in Indians


T. Sukumar Archana*, 1, A. Rangaiah Vinod Kumar2, Akshay Shetty3, Nida Ahmed3, Bhavana T. Veerabasvaiah3 & Fazeel Ahmed4



1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery, AECS Maaruti College of Dental Sciences and Research Renter, Bannerghata road, Bangalore 560076; 2Oral Medicine and Radiology, Oral 3D Diagnostic centre Bangalore 560076; 3Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sri Rajiv Gandhi College of Dental Sciences & Hospital, Cholanagar, Bangalore 560032; 4Healing Care medical center, Kulhudhuffushi Island, Maldives; *Corresponding author



T Sukumar Archana - E-mail:bhavanatv@gmail.com; Phone: +91 9901894529/9480058650

A Rangaiah Vinod Kumar - E-mail:vinodrangaiah@gmail.com

Akshay Shetty - E-mail:Akshayshetty7978@gmail.com

Nida Ahmed - E-mail:drnidaahmed9@gmail.com

Bhavana T Veerabasvaiah - E-mail:bhavanashreyas18@gmail.com

Fazeel Ahmed- E-mail:fazeelahmed64@gmail.com


Article Type

Research Article



Received March 3, 2022; Revised March 31, 2022; Accepted March 31, 2022, Published March 31, 2022



It is of interest to assess the presence of maxillary sinus septae in patients undergoing implant treatment using Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT).This retrospective study evaluated CBCT scans of 99 patients who opted for implant placement. A total of 198 sinuses were analyzed. The cases were divided into two groupís namely edentulous group and non-edentulous groups. The location of septa was divided for analysis into 3 regions namely, the anterior (1st and 2nd premolar), middle (1st and 2nd molar) and posterior (behind 2nd molar) regions. Out of 198 sinuses assessed 15 sinuses had septa. It was more common in males. Mean height of septa was 7.7mm. It was more commonly seen in the middle region (1st and 2nd molar). All of the septa were partial in nature. Septa were common on the right side. It was absent in the edentulous group. To conclude this study showed low prevalence of septa in patients who were assessed as a part of pre-operative planning for implant placement. Modified sinus lift procedures were completed for placement of bone grafts in patients with septa,. This reduced the chances of membrane perforation and increases the chances of better outcomes. CBCT with its low cost and high resolution is useful for assessing the sinus.



Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT), Implant, Maxillary sinus, Septa



Archana et al. Bioinformation 18(3): 251-254 (2022)


Edited by

P Kangueane






Biomedical Informatics



This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.