HOME   |    PDF   |   


Title

Effect of nutritional counselling for using anthropometric indices among Indians

Authors

Sanjay Chavan, Sanjana Challagalla, Shradha Salunkhe, Amodini Arora*, Mayur Sharma & Sharad Agarkhedkar

 

Affiliation

Department of Paediatrics, Dr. D.Y. Patil Medical College, Dr D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth (DPU), Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India - 411018; *Corresponding Author

 

Email

Sanjay Chavan - E-mail: Sanjaychvn72@gmail.com

Sanjana Challagalla - E-mail: c.sanjana@gmail.com

Shradha Salunkhe - E-mail: salunkheshradha@gmail.com

Amodini Arora - E-mail: amodiniarora@gmail.com

Mayur Sharma - E-mail: mayursharma2903@icloud.com

Sharad Agarkhedkar - E-mail: med.paed@dpu.edu.in

 

Article Type

Research Article

 

Date

Received May 2, 2022; Revised June 30, 2022; Accepted June 30, 2022, Published June 30, 2022

 

Abstract

Malnutrition in children under 5 years is a major public health problem in developing countries. Malnutrition complex comprises of under-nutrition including multiple conditions like acute, chronic malnutrition, micronutrient deficiencies and nutrition related to obesity. Therefore, it is of interest to report data on the individualized nutritional counselling on nutritional status among mild to moderately malnourished children aged 2 5 years at one, three and six month follow up. Their dietary habits will help to determine the aetiology of mild/moderate malnutrition.150 Children attending outpatient department of the Department of Paediatrics of D Y Patil Medical College and admitted with mild/moderate malnutrition were included in the study after taking informed consent from their parents. The children were randomly allocated into 4 groups (group 1 4). The groups consisted of children where dedicated nutritional counselling was provided at 1 month, 1 and 3 month follow up and where-in no dedicated counselling was provided. A diet chart was provided with counselling. Group 4 followed up with routine care without any dietary intervention. Detailed dietary, socio economic history, clinical examination with anthropometry was done followed-up at 1, 3, 6 months from date of inclusion. Majority (57.3%) belonged to lower socio-economic class according to Kuppuswamy scale. The mean birth weight was 2.4 kg, age 34.5 months and age of weaning 7.6 months. Data shows that 70% children had mild malnutrition and 30% moderate malnutrition. At 6 month follow up amongst 105 children with mild malnutrition, 82 still had mild malnutrition, 4 normal, 19 had moderate malnutrition. Under-five childhood malnutrition is highly prevalent in poor socioeconomic strata of the society. Nutritional counselling provided by trained healthcare providers in existing settings are effective in improving nutritional status, daily calorie/protein intake, prevention of malnutrition. Prevention/treatment of co-existing illness bears equal importance.

 

Keywords

Malnutrition, nutritional counselling, diet

 

Citation

chavan et al. Bioinformation 18(6): 583-587 (2022)

 

Edited by

P Kangueane

 

ISSN

0973-2063

 

Publisher

Biomedical Informatics

 

License

This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.