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Title

Fingerprint patterns in neuropsychological disorder depression among south Indian population

 

Authors

C Hemasankar1, Suresh R Rao2, K Balaji3*, Sai Sushma Yeturu4, MP Ragavendra5 & Madhan Krishnan6

 

Affiliation

1Department of Physiology, Saveetha Medical College, Saveetha institute of medical and technical sciences, Thandalam, Chennai- 602 105, India; 2Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of West Indies, Trinidad- 685509, Jamaica; 3Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Medical College, Saveetha institute of medical and technical sciences, Thandalam, Chennai- 602 105, India; 4Department of Ophthalmology, Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences, Purle, Shivamogga, 577202, Karnataka, India; 5Department of Pharmacology, Saveetha Medical College, Saveetha institute of medical and technical sciences, Thandalam, Chennai- 602 105, India; 6Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Kelambakkam- 603103, Tamilnadu, India; *Corresponding author

 

Email

C Hemasankar E-mail: sankarreddy944@gmail.com

Suresh R Rao E-mail: s4chavan@yahoo.com

K Balaji E-mail: mevsig@gmail.com

Sai Sushma Yeturu E-mail: sushma.yeturi@gmail.com

MP Ragavendra E-mail: raghavendra.mp12@gmail.com

Madhan Krishnan E-mail: kmadhan91@gmail.com

 

Article Type

Research Article

 

Date

Received March 1, 2023; Revised March 31, 2023; Accepted March 31, 2023, Published March 31, 2023

 

Abstract

Depression is a pervasive mental health disorder characterized by persistent sadness and an inability to enjoy activities that were once enjoyable. This study compares the dermatoglyphic patterns of depressed patients with those of healthy, normal individuals in order to determine if dermatoglyphic patterns can be used as biomarkers for early diagnosis and prompt intervention of depression. A total of 100 depressive disorder patients of both sexes between the ages of 18 and 60 were selected for the study. Dermatoglyphic patterns of individual digits were analyzed using the "Ink and Paper" technique. The Whorl, Loop, and Arch patterns, as well as the AFRC, TFRC, and a-b ridge count, were examined using One-Way ANOVA significance and a Chi-Square test using SPSS 20.0. The results showed that the right hand in the depressive diseased group had decreased numbers of Whorls in the 2nd and 5th digits, and decreased numbers of Loops in all five digits. Similarly, decreased numbers of Whorls were found in the 1st, 2nd, 4th, and 5th digits of the left hand, as well as decreased Loops in the 4th digit. However, there were no changes in the Arches of either hand when compared to the control group. The AFRC and TFRC were significantly decreased (p<0.0001), but there was no significant decrease in the a-b ridge count in the depressive diseased group when compared to the control group. Dermatoglyphics, a noninvasive method, can serve as a screening indicator for depressive individuals, the appearance of the decreased count of whorls and loops parameters might be used as an exploratory sign.

 

Keywords

Arches, dermatoglyphics, depression, loops, neuropsychological, ridge count, whorls

 

Citation

Hemasankar et al. Bioinformation 19(3): 266-271 (2023)

 

Edited by

P Kangueane

 

ISSN

0973-2063

 

Publisher

Biomedical Informatics

 

License

This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.