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Awareness on passive smoking among Indian adults



N. Sivasubramanian1, B. Mahalakshmi1,*, Patel Shivani Arvindbhai1 & G. Ramalakshmi2



1Nootan College of Nursing, Sankalchand Patel University, Visnagar, Gujarat - 384315, India; 2College of Nursing, SGRR University, Dehradun, Uttarkhand - 248001, India. *Corresponding author



N. Sivasubramanian - E-mail: sn.fn@spu.ac.in

B. Mahalakshmi - E-mail: mb.fn@spu.ac.in

Patel Shivani Arvindbhai - E-mail: shayni821@gmail.com

G. Ramalakshmi - E-mail: dean.sn@sgrru.ac.in


Article Type

Research Article



Received January 1, 2023; Revised January 30, 2023; Accepted January 31, 2023, Published January 31, 2023



Around one-third of adults worldwide regularly come into contact with passive smoking. In addition to many other health issues, non-smokers who are exposed to passive smoking at home or at work have a 2030% higher risk of acquiring lung cancer. The current study set out to determine adult smokers' awareness of the hazards of passive smoking as well as the efficacy of an education campaign in raising that awareness. To finish the investigation, a pre-experimental research approach was employed. 60 adults between the ages of 18 and 45 were chosen by non-probability purposive sampling. Results revealed that the mean of pre-test score was 12.33 and mean of post-test score was 21.5. The mean difference was 9.17. The standard deviation of pre-test knowledge score was 2.87 and standard deviation post-test knowledge score was 3.27. The calculated t value is 14.80, the DF value was 59 and p value was 1.671. This shows that the teaching program was effective in increasing the awareness of adults regarding effects of passive smoking. Age and education status of the sample were found to have significant association with the level of awareness in pre-test. Teaching programs can be effectively utilized to create awareness among adults regarding adverse effects of passive smoking.



Awareness, Adverse Effects, Passive Smoking, Adults.



Sivasubramanian et al. Bioinformation 19(1): 10-13 (2023)


Edited by

P Kangueane






Biomedical Informatics



This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.