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Breast feeding practices after normal vaginal and caesarean delivery in Gujarat, India



Ritu Bhati1, Gnanadesigan Ekambaram2*, Mrinalini Gaikwad3, Alkesh Vara2, B. Mahalakshmi4 & N Sivasubramanian4



1Department of Physiology, GCS Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India; 2Department of Physiology, Nootan Medical College & Research Centre, Sankalchand Patel University, Visnagar, Gujarat, India,; 3Department of Anatomy, Medical College & Research Centre, Sankalchand Patel University, Visnagar, Gujarat, India; 4Department of  Paediatric  Nursing, Nootan College of Nursing, Sankalchand Patel University, Visnagar, Gujarat - 384315, India. *Corresponding author



Ritu Bhati - E-mail: ritu.bhati@gcsmc.org

E. Gnanadesigan - E-mail: edesigan_phy@nootanmedical.edu.in

Mrininalini Gaikwad - E-mail: mgaikwad_ana@nootanmedical.edu.in

Alkesh Vara - E-mail: avara_phy@nootanmedical.edu.in

B Mahalakshmi - E-mail: mahahasini14@gmail.com

N Sivasubramanian - E-mail: sn.fn@spu.ac.in


Article Type

Research Article


Received October 1, 2023; Revised October 31, 2023; Accepted October 31, 2023, Published October 31, 2023



Breast feeding is the mainspring of child survival, nutrition, development and maternal health. Early initiation of breastfeeding is an extremely important factor associated with the maintenance of long-term breastfeeding practice. Breastfeeding practices can be influenced by a variety of variables such as parity, mode of delivery; body mass index (BMI), breast or nipple abnormalities and behavioural factors are equally as important. The present study was conducted to analyze Breast Feeding Practices after Normal Delivery and Caesarean Delivery at a Tertiary Care Hospital. This cross sectional study was conducted at tertiary care hospital, by Convenient non-random sampling method, which included two groups; Group A: 100 mothers who delivered vaginally Group B: 100 mothers who gave birth through caesarean section (n=100 each).  Participants were asked to complete standardized questionnaire consists of information on socio demographic and breast feeding practice. All anthropometric measurements were taken. A semi‑structured questionnaire was used to collect data on maternal socio demographic characteristics, breastfeeding knowledge, practices along with source of information regarding breastfeeding and maternal experience. The study results shows that initiation of breastfeeding is most common in normal vaginal delivery (70%) among total 100 subjects of vaginal delivery category and also common in subjects with planned C-section (49%) of 100 subjectís caesarean delivery category. Association between the modes of delivery and initiation of breastfeeding within an hour was statistically significant (p<0.01). The present study indicates that C-sections are linked to higher breastfeeding challenges, greater resource usage, and shorter nursing duration.



Breastfeeding, normal vaginal delivery, caesarean delivery



Bhati et al. Bioinformation 19(10): 1029-1034 (2023)


Edited by

P Kangueane






Biomedical Informatics



This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.