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Effect of self-instructional module towards the prevention of cataract among elderly people in India



K. Nisha1*, MP Ugin Juliyet2, Sadhana Undru3, Swapna Dileep3 & Swapna Kumari Andugula4



1Department of Community Health Nursing, KIMS Nursing College, KIMS & RF Amalapuram, East Gothwari - 533201, Andhra Pradesh, India, 2Department of Community Health Nursing, Bon Secours Nursing College, Molachur, 602106, Tamil Nadu, 3Department of Psychiatric Nursing, KIMS Nursing College, KIMS & RF Amalapuram, East Gothwari -533201, Andhra Pradesh, India, 4Department of Obstructive Gynecology Nursing, KIMS Nursing College, KIMS & RF Amalapuram, East Gothwari - 533201, Andhra Pradesh, India,*Corresponding Author



K Nisha - E-mail: velnisha020214@gmail.com

MP Ugin Juliyet - E-mail: juliyetugin@gmail.com

Sadhana Undru - E-mail: sadhanaundru@gmail.com

Swapna Dhilip - E-mail: Swapnagarikimukkala@gmail.com

Swapna Kumari Andugula - E-mail: swapna.agp1@gmail.com


Article Type

Research Article



Received November 1, 2023; Revised November 30, 2023; Accepted November 30, 2023, Published November 30, 2023



The leading cause of blindness in the world is cataracts, which are dangerous and curable with proper eye care. Eye care service is thought to play significant role in prevention. Nonetheless, not much research has been done to gauge older persons' in rural India's level of cataract awareness and how it relates to their use of eye care services. Therefore, in order to prevent cataracts in the elderly, we described a self-instruction model for cataract knowledge and looked into the variations between pre- and post-test self-instruction models. Their demographic characteristics showed that the higher age group female had highest prevalence of cataracts. The study population's understanding of cataracts is incredibly low: only 2% of participants have adequate knowledge, 52% have somewhat adequate information, and 46% have inadequate knowledge. However, after completing the self-instructional module, 54% of participants felt they knew enough to prevent cataracts. The results of the study showed that the self-instructional module was very helpful in helping the senior population learn about cataract prevention. More interventional research with a larger sample size should be carried out to gain a better understanding of cataract prevention in older adults,.



Cataract, self-instructional module, knowledge of cataract



Nisha et al. Bioinformation 19(11): 1051-1056 (2023)


Edited by

P Kangueane






Biomedical Informatics



This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.