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Oral Streptococcus mutans load among Indian children with cerebral palsy



Aniruddh Gandhi1*, Subhash Sonkesriya2, Shovan Roy3, Raman Mishra4, Jatin Arora5 & Vineet Soni6



1Department of Dentistry, Late Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee Memorial Government Medical College, Rajnandgaon, Chhattisgarh, India; 2 Department of prosthodontics Government College of Dentistry Indore, M.P., India; 3Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Hazaribagh College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand, India; 4Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics Sharda School of Dental Sciences, Sharda University, Knowledge Park III, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India; 5Clinical Practionner in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India; 6Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, Daswani Dental College and Research Centre, Ranpur, Kota, Rajasthan, India; *Corresponding author; Communicated by Vini Mehta E-mail: vini.mehta@statsense.in



Aniruddh Gandhi - E-mail: draniruddh.gandhi2@gmail.com; Phone: +919755467221

Subhash Sonkesriya - E-mail: drsubhashsonkesriya1978@gmail.com; Phone: +918770728985

Shovan Roy - E-mail: shovanroy19@gmail.com; Phone: +918016065886 

Raman Mishra - E-mail: 13ramanmishra@gmail.com; Phone: +918095033213

Jatin Arora - E-mail: Jatinaroradds@gmail.com; Phone: +918625880748

Vineet Soni - E-mail: Sonivineet414@gmail.com; Phone: +919414488962


Article Type

Research Article



Received February 1, 2023; Revised February 28, 2023; Accepted February 28, 2023, Published February 28, 2023



The motor impairments of cerebral palsy (CP) are typically accompanied by subsequent musculoskeletal issues, seizures, and abnormalities of sensation, intelligence, communication, and behaviour. These kids have a lower capacity for regulating oral health because of their poor voluntary movements. Poor oral hygiene brought on by insufficient brushing and flossing, increased use of sugary foods, and orally administered drugs puts people at risk for periodontal disorders and dental caries. Poor dental health and rising therapy demands establish a sadistic cycle that affects patient overall health and wellbeing. The purpose of this investigation was comparing kids with CP against healthy kids of comparable age group and demographic situation in order to evaluate   status of oral heath, current caries behavior using measurement of Streptococcus mutans concentrations in saliva, and treatment required. 204 study participants were divided into two categories: Category A and category B. Both categories consisted of 102 study participants. Category A consisted of study participants having CP while category B consisted of healthy normal controls with same age of same demographic features. Malocclusion, trauma, DMFS/defs, gingival index, and Oral hygiene score (OHI),   and were recorded for oral examinations of al study participants   However, no radiological assistance was utilized since minimal patient compliance existed in CP patients. When compared with the control category, the CP category had a higher detection of the DMFS index in the permanent teeth. The estimated defs for the CP category did not differ noticeably from the control category. In the CP category, status of hygiene of oral cavity was discovered to be substantially subpar. In comparison to the control category, the gingival condition of the CP category was noticeably worse. Treatment requirements were seen to require greater preventative care in the control category while, stainless steel crowns, pulpectomy and extractions were needed in the CP category. S. mutans was found in high concentrations in the salivary specimens of the CP category compared to the control category, indicating active dental caries and greater probability of further development.



Oral, Streptococcus mutans, load, Indian children, cerebral palsy



Gandhi et al. Bioinformation 19(2): 215-220 (2023)


Edited by

P Kangueane






Biomedical Informatics



This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.