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Title

Mycotoxin source and its exposure causing mycotoxicoses

 

Authors

Nawaf Alshammari*

 

Affiliation

Department of Biology, College of Sciences, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia; *Corresponding author

 

Email

Nawaf Alshammari - E-mail: naib.alshammari@uoh.edu.sa

 

Article Type

Review Article

 

Date

Received April 1, 2023; Revised April 30, 2023; Accepted April 30, 2023, Published April 30, 2023

 

Abstract

Mycotoxins are toxic compounds produced by fungi such as Aspergillus, Penicillium, Rhizopus, Fusarium spp., and mushrooms. They are present in the mycelium or in the spores of the fungus. They cause human health problems once ingested. This is common in countries with high ambient temperature and relative humidity such as in the tropical regions. The consumption of moldy food and feeds are injurious to people and animals. The linked acute and chronic diseases target organs in humans and animals. The clinical symptoms depend on the intrinsic toxic features of the mycotoxin, the quantity, and length of exposure. The diseases caused by ingesting mycotoxins are reffred as mycotoxicoses. Therefore, it is of interest to document known data on the mycotoxin source and its exposure causing human hazards leading to mycotoxicoses.

 

Keywords

Mycotoxinís, fungus, environment, toxins

 

Citation

Alshammari, Bioinformation 19(4): 348-357 (2023)

 

Edited by

P Kangueane

 

ISSN

0973-2063

 

Publisher

Biomedical Informatics

 

License

This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.