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Fluoride release by restorative materials after applying surface coating agents



Anamika Parashar1, Yogesh Kumar Sharma2, Sumit Kumar3,*, M Kavitha4, Pallabi Ghosh Saha5 & Pragya Patel6



1Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, DR. B.R. Ambedkar Institute of Dental Sciences & Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India, 2Department of Oral & Maxillofacial surgery, Mahatma Gandhi Dental College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, 3Department of Public Health Dentistry, King George Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India, 4Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Dayananda Sagar College of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, 5Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, Awadh Dental College and Hospital, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India, 6Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, People's Dental Academy, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. *Corresponding author; Communicated by Vini Mehta - vinip.mehta@gmail.com



Anamika Parashar - E-mail: parashar.anamika@yahoo.com;
Yogesh Kumar Sharma - E-mail: surgeon.yogesh@gmail.com;
Sumit Kumar - E-mail: sumitpal@kgmcindia.edu;
Kavitha M - E-mail: kavitham@dscds.edu.in;
Pallabi Ghosh Saha - E-mail: dr.p.ghoshsaha.mds@gmail.com;
Pragya Patel - E-mail: pragyapatel181@gmail.com;


Article Type

Research Article



Received April 1, 2023; Revised April 30, 2023; Accepted April 30, 2023, Published April 30, 2023



The prompt use of an enamel surface covering reagent is advised to safeguard the dental restorative substance from mishaps. Therefore, it is of interest to assess the fluoride emitting capabilities of standard GIC, and Zirconomer cement together with surface coverings and without surface coverings. The conventional GIC cement was part of experimental category A while Zirconomer cement was part of category B. For every experimental categories, a set of sixty brass mould prototypes in the form of disc with dimensions: diameter (60.1mm) and thickness (20.1 mm) were created and subsequently covered with Teflon strip in accordance with the package recommendations. Also, for both experimental categories, such pellets were randomly allocated to three sub-categories of 20 each. For one category petroleum jelly was administered with a cotton bud and then delicately dried under airflow (A3 subcategory and B3 subcategory); for another sub-category G-Coat was laced through a micro-tip dispenser and light treated for twenty seconds (A2 subcategory and B2 subcategory); the rest 20 specimens were left without any coating (A1 subcategory and B1 subcategory). It was observed that in subcategory A1 and A3 there was continuous decline in emission of fluoride ion as the days progressed. However there was an increase in emission of fluoride in A2 subcategory on moving to day 5 from day 1. However, from day 5 onwards decline in fluoride emission was observed in A2 subcategory. It was concluded that both materials studied (GIC and Zirconomer) exhibited fluoride emission whether or not they were surface-coated for protection.



Fluoride, restorative materials, surface coating agents



Parashar et al. Bioinformation 19(4): 423-427 (2023)


Edited by

P Kangueane






Biomedical Informatics



This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.