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3D assessment of alveolar bone alterations in orthodontic movement among Indians



Sweta Gupta1, Vinit Kumar Singh2, Shreya Pandey3, Sandeep Singh4, Avinash Jaiswal3 & Chinmaya Hawaldar4



1Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Patna Dental College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India;2Department of Orthodontic and Dentofacial Orthopedic, Vananchal Dental College, Garhwa, Jharkhand, India;3Department of Orthodontic and Dentofacial Orthopedic, Dental College Azamgarh, Azamgarh, UP, India;4Department of Orthodontic and Dentofacial Orthopedic, Terna Dental College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India; *Corresponding author; Communicated by Vini Mehta - vinip.mehta@gmail.com



Sweta Gupta - E-mail:swetabds@gmail.com; Phone: +91 9518276969 

Vinit Kumar Singh - E-mail:drvinit.singh@gmail.com; Phone: +91 7762926170

Shreya Pandey - E-mail: Pshreya256@gmail.com; Phone: +91 8384806672

Sandeep Singh - E-mail:drsandeepsingh@hotmail.com; Phone: +91 9821528338

Avinash Jaiswal - E-mail:avinashortho1586@gmail.com; Phone: +91 7518886878

Chinmaya Hawaldar - E-mail:chinmayahawaldar@gmail.com; Phone: +91 9927005862


Article Type

Research Article



Received June 1, 2023; Revised June 30, 2023; Accepted June 30, 2023, Published June 30, 2023



Apical root resorption, which is characterised as a biological or abnormal phenomenon that shortens the length of the root apex, is additional typical iatrogenic impact of orthodontic tooth movement that may jeopardise the effectiveness of treatment and tooth lifespan. The main goals of the current retrospective investigation were to assess the dimensions of alveolar bone alterations that come along with orthodontic movement and to look into the frequency and extent of resorption of root in maxillary incisors across categories that were similarly managed with clear aligners (OCA) and fixed appliances (OFA) using CBCT. The study included 50 subjects who were divided into two categories with 25 study subjects in each category. Category OFA: Subjects receiving OFA (n=25). A CBCT scan was used to get three-dimensional pictures at the beginning of therapy as well as at the end of therapy. The overall resorption of root at apical region in OFA group was 0.630.21 mm. The overall resorption of root at apical region in OCA group was 0.32 0.36 mm. The difference in observation was statistically significant (p= 0.000) with reduced resorption of root at apical region in clear aligners. It was concluded that the decrease in thickness of alveolar bone was greater in orthodontic fixed appliances group as compared to clear aligners. The resorption of root at apical region was lesser in clear aligners group as compared to fixed appliances.



:3D, alterations of alveolar bone, apical root resorption, clear aligners, and fixed appliances



Gupta et al. Bioinformation 19(6): 764-769 (2023)


Edited by

P Kangueane






Biomedical Informatics



This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.