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Gua-Sha therapy on breast engorgement among Indian postnatal mothers



N Amudha1 & D Prakash2



1Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology Nursing, Indira College of Nursing, Trichy-621105, Tamil Nadu, India; 2Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Nootan College of Nursing, Sankalchand Patel University, Visnagar, Gujarat-384315, India; *Corresponding author               



N Amudha - Email- dhanamuu10@gmail.com

D Prakash – E-mail: pd.fn@spu.ac.in


Article Type

Research Article



Received August 1, 2023; Revised August 31, 2023; Accepted August 31, 2023, Published August 31, 2023



Many women experience breast engorgement in the first few weeks after giving birth. Breast engorgement that is somewhat severe. It is characterized by full, tense, heated, and tender breasts that are painfully throbbing and aching. Therefore, it is of interest to evaluate the effect of Gua-Sha therapy on breast engorgement in reducing pain among postnatal mothers. A “non-randomized pre-test post-test control group design” was used for this study. “Purposive sampling techniques” were used to obtain 60 postnatal mothers who satisfied the inclusion criteria. Six point engorgement scale and visual analog scale were used for data collection. After pre-test Gua-Sha therapy was given 30 minutes in one cycle twice a day depending on upon the severity. Reassessment was done immediately after the procedure. The result shows that the post test score of breast engorgement in experimental group was 1.1 (± 0.305), where in control group 4.16 (±2.152). The ‘t’ test value of breast engorgement was 9.869. The result shows that Gua-Sha therapy for breast engorgement in reducing pain was significant effect (p <0.05). The study concluded that the Gua-Sha therapy is an effective for reducing breast engorgement and pain among post natal mothers.



Gua-Sha therapy, breast engorgement, pain, postnatal mothers.



Amudha & Prakash, Bioinformation 19(8): 853-859 (2023)


Edited by

P Kangueane






Biomedical Informatics



This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.