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Maxillofacial trauma among Indians



Kumar Saurabh1, Sandeep Kashyap2, Saurabh Singh3, Rohit Sharma4, Yatendra Pratap Singh5,*& Hani Yousuf Naik6



1Department of Dentistry, Public Health Center, Bind, Nalanda, Bihar Government, Bihar, India; 2Department of Dentistry, Sikkim Manipal University, Gangtok, Sikkim, India; 3Department of General Surgery, Rama Medical College Hospital And Research Centre, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India; 4Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dental Sciences, Sharda University, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India; 5Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Saraswati Medical College, Unnao, Uttar Pradesh, India; 6Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Pacific Dental College and Research Centre, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India; *Corresponding author; Communicated by Vini Mehta E-mail: vinip.mehta@gmail.com; vini.mehta@statsense.in



Kumar Saurabh E-mail: drkrsaurabh17@gmail.com

Sandeep Kashyap - E-mail: sandeep04051986@yahoo.com

Saurabh Singh E-mail:  saurabhsingh007tmh@gmail.com

Rohit Sharma E-mail:  Rohit.sharma1@sharda.ac.in

Yatendra Pratap Singh - E-mail: drypsinghent@gmail.com

Hani Yousuf Naik E-mail: haniyousuf1989@gmail.com


Article Type

Research Article



Received August 1, 2023; Revised August 31, 2023; Accepted August 31, 2023, Published August 31, 2023



Orofacial injuries constitute the medico-legal cases reported, especially, in cases associated with road traffic accidents, assaults, and violence making it an emerging healthcare problem. Therefore, it is of interest to document data on the maxillofacial trauma and fractures among Indians. 150 subjects within the age of 15 to 60 years with maxillofacial fractures, detailed medical history including demographics, radiographs, medical history, associated injuries, and etiology of fractures were used for this study. Sites for both maxillary and mandibular fractures were noted. The type of intubation (medical insertion procedure) used and post-operative complications were also recorded. Lefort I, II, and III fractures were seen in 4%, 12%, 6% subjects respectively, whereas, ZMC fracture was seen in 66% study subjects. Mandibular fractures were most commonly seen in the para-symphysis region with 30% subjects followed by condylar region with 28.66% subjects. Data shows that maxillofacial trauma has a high incidence in India with RTA (road traffic accidents being the most common reason for the trauma seen in young males with significant concomitant injuries. Most common fracture is seen in mandible region. However, they can be managed well with very few postoperative complications.



Assault, maxillofacial fractures, maxillofacial trauma, orofacial trauma, retrospective analysis, road-traffic accident.



Saurabh et al. Bioinformation 19(8): 876-880 (2023)


Edited by

P Kangueane






Biomedical Informatics



This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.