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Hydroponics: current trends in sustainable crop production



Ganapathy Rajaseger*, Kit Lun Chan, Kay Yee Tan, Shan Ramasamy, Mar Cho Khin, Anburaj Amaladoss 1 & Patel Kadamb Haribhai



Centre for Research & Opportunities in Plant Science (CROPS), School of Applied Science, Temasek Polytechnic, 21 Tampines Ave 1, Singapore 529757; 1Centre Centre for Aquaculture and Veterinary Science (CAVS), School of Applied Science, Temasek Polytechnic, 21 Tampines Ave 1, Singapore 529757, *Corresponding author.



Ganapahy Rajaseger*- E-mail: ganapathy_rajaseger@tp.edu.sg

Kit Lun Chan -E-mail: chan_kit_lun@tp.edu.sg

Kay Yee Tan - E-mail: tan_kay_yee@tp.edu.sg

Shan Ramasamy - E-mail: shan_ramasamy@tp.edu.sg

Mar Cho Khin - E-mail: khin_mar_cho@tp.edu.sg

Amaladoss Anburaj - E-mail: amaladoss_anburaj@tp.edu.sg

Kadamb Patel- email: kadamb_patel@tp.edu.sg


Article Type

Research Article



Received September 1, 2023; Revised September 30, 2023; Accepted September 30, 2023, Published September 30, 2023



The combination of Hydroponics with smart technology in farming is novel and has promise as a method for effective and environmentally friendly crop production. This technology eliminates the need for soil and reduces water usage by providing nutrients straight to the plant's roots. The Internet of Things (IoT), sensors, and automation are all used in "smart farming," which allows for constant monitoring of soil conditions, nutrient levels, and plant vitality to facilitate fine-grained management and optimization. The technology-driven strategy improves crop output, quickens growth rates, and keeps conditions ideal all year round regardless of weather or other environmental circumstances. In addition, smart farming lessens the need for organic chemical inputs, promotes environmentally safe methods of pest management, and minimizes the amount of waste produced. This ground-breaking strategy may significantly alter the agricultural sector by encouraging regionalized food production, enhancing food security, and adding to more resilient farming practices. This comprehensive review delves into current trends in Hydroponics, highlighting recent advancements in smart farming systems, such as Domotics, Data Acquisition, Remote Cultivation, and automated AI systems. The review also underscores the various types and advantages of smart farming hydroponic technology, emphasizing the requirements for achieving efficiency in this innovative domain. Additionally, it explores future goals and potential developments, paving the way for further advancements in hydroponic smart farming.



Smart Farming, Hydroponics, IoT, Sensors, Domotics, Remote Cultivation, Data Acquisition, Future smart farming.



Rajaseger et al. Bioinformation 19(9): 925-938 (2023)


Edited by

P Kangueane






Biomedical Informatics



This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.