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CoViD-19 effects on social-emotional development: Putative underlying mechanisms



Michelle Rodriguez-Monge1 & Francesco Chiappelli2,3,*



1Costa Rican Institute of Clinical Research, San Jos, Costa Rica; Stars Therapy Services, San Diego, CA 91913, 2Dental Group of Sherman Oaks, CA 91403, USA), 3Center for the Health Sciences, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA; 90095, *Corresponding author



Michelle Rodriguez-Monge - E-mail: michirodriguez00@gmail.com

Francesco Chiappelli - E-mail: Chiappelli.research@gmail.com


Article Type



Received October 1, 2023; Revised October 31, 2023; Accepted October 31, 2023, Published October 31, 2023



Early childhood is the timely and critical period in the growth of the human being when the trajectory of children's holistic development is traced, and the foundation for their future as well-established and productive adults is set. The CoViD-19 pandemic produced profound changes in everyday life almost everywhere in the world. The personal, social and societal restrictions imposed during the CoViD-19 pandemic unquestionably blunted early childhood development by depriving young children from normal and healthy attachments through secure relationships with parents, teachers and peers. Furthermore, the public health measures enacted to counter the spread of the pandemic (e.g., mandatory masking, lockdown) contributed to a lack of social interactions essential for childhood development, and provoked perceptions of psycho-emotional stress (e.g., objective fear of the masked interlocutor, perceived fear of abandonment) in the children, which may have hampered critical periods of development. Based on theoretical foundation and our observations in the field, we propose that early intervention support may have a significant impact on the development of children victims of the effect of the CoViD-19 pandemic.



CoViD-19, Critical Period hypothesis, Vygotsky's zone of proximal development, Piaget's developmental stages, Bowlby's attachment theory



Rodriguez-Monge & Chiappelli, Bioinformation 19(10): 987-989 (2023)


Edited by

P Kangueane






Biomedical Informatics



This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.