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Title

Association between asthma and periodontitis

 

Authors

Wael I Ibraheem1, Ashok Kumar Bhati1,*, Fai Mohammed Essa Ageeli2, Rehab Abdu Sufyani2, Maram Ahmed Darraj2, Enas Omar Ageeli 2, Khalid Mohammed Mobarki2, Majed Yahya Alhazmi2 & Saiid Elshafey Mohamed Beshir3

 

Affiliation

1Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan 45142, Saudi Arabia; 2College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan 45142, Saudi Arabia; 3Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan 45142, Saudi Arabia

 

Email

Ashok Kumar Bhati E-mail: akbhati@jazanu.edu.sa

Wael I Ibraheem - E-mail: wibraheem@jazanu.edu.sa

Fai Mohammed Essa Ageeli E-mail: ageelyf98@gmail.com

Rehab Abdu Sufyani - E-mail: rehab.sufyani@gmail.com

Maram Ahmed Darraj - E-mail: darrajmaram@gmail.com

Enas Omar Ageeli - E-mail: enasageeli@gmail.com

Khalid Mohammed Mobarki - E-mail: almobarki.khalid@gmail.com

Majed Yahya Alhazmi - E-mail: majedalhazmi18@gmail.com

Saiid Elshafey Mohamed Beshir - E-mail: sabeshir@jazanu.edu.sa

 

Article Type

Research Article

 

Date

Received January 1, 2024; Revised January 31, 2024; Accepted January 31, 2024, Published January 31, 2024

 

Abstract

The association between asthma and periodontitis is of interest. 20 periodontitis patients with asthma (asthma group) and 20 patients without asthma (non-asthma group) were included based on inclusion and inclusion criteria. Periodontitis was classified according to 2017 periodontal classification and periodontal parameters such as tooth loss, pocket depth, clinical attachment loss, alveolar bone loss, bone reduction index, plaque index, bleeding index and periodontal risk were assessed. Effect of anti-asthmatic drugs and asthma control on periodontal parameters was also assessed. Inter-group comparison of all the continuous variables was done using independent t‟ test. Comparison of categorical variables was done using Chi-square test. P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results showed greater severity and higher grade of periodontitis with asthma group as well as with patients on anti-asthmatic drugs and patients with poor controlled asthma. Based on the results it can be concluded that an association between asthma and periodontitis exists.

 

Keywords

Periodontitis; asthma; anti-asthmatic drugs; pocket depth; clinical attachment loss; periodontal risk

 

Citation

Ibraheem et al. Bioinformation 20(1): 59-64 (2024)

 

Edited by

P Kangueane

 

ISSN

0973-2063

 

Publisher

Biomedical Informatics

 

License

This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.