HOME   |    PDF   |   


Congenital ocular and its adnexal anomalies among Indian pediatric age



Preethi Chava, MC Chaitra*, J Raveena & Amulya Padmini



Department of Ophthalmology, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Tamaka, Kolar, India; *Corresponding author



Preethi Chava - E-mail: Preethichava1234@gmail.com

MC Chaitra - E-mail: chaitramc@sduaher.ac.in & drchaitramc@gmail.com; Phone +91 8197226641

Raveena J - E-mail: ravee3829@gmail.com

Amulya Padmini - E-mail: Amulya005@gmail.com


Article Type

Research Article



Received April 1, 2024; Revised April 30, 2024; Accepted April 30, 2024, Published April 30, 2024



An analysis of the congenital etiologies of ocular morbidity in children of age 0-12 years is of interest. Hence, this study was conducted over a period of 2 years from Jan 2021- Dec 2023 at RL Jalappa Hospital and Research center that is attached to Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Tamaka, Kolar, Karnataka, India. Out of 56 patients, 57% were male and 43% were female children. 31 (55%) of mothers belonged to age group between 20-30 years and 24 (43%) between 31-40 years and 1(2%) between 41-50 years. Out of 56 patients, 14 (25%) of them had positive family history. 34 (61%) of them had consanguious marriage. 14 parents (41%) out of 34 are married to second degree consanguinity (brother/sister/grandparent/grandchild) and 20 (59%) belonged to third degree consanguinity (aunt/uncle/niece/nephew/great-grandparent/great-grandchild). Bilateral involvement was seen in 31 (55%). Nasolacrimal duct anomalies were found to be the most common (32%) followed by congenital esotropia (14%). Education, awareness, counseling about risks of consanguinity and other risk factors such as maternal age, infections, medications during pregnancy, vaccination must be a routine practice in healthcare set up. This can significantly reduce morbidity and prevent blindness.



Congenital anomaly, nasolacrimal duct blockade, maternal risk factors, paediatric age, consanguinity



Chava et al. Bioinformation 20(4): 323-329 (2024)


Edited by

P Kangueane






Biomedical Informatics



This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.