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Predictors for diabetes and hypertension among bus drivers and conductors in South India



Kamal Batcha Mohamed Ali, Selvaraju Sathish Kumar, Perumal Kandasami Govindarajan, Kamal Batcha Mujibur Rahman & Sebastian Nancy*



Department of Community Medicine, Vinayaka Mission's Medical College and Hospital, Vinayaka Mission's Research Foundation - Deemed to be University (VMRF-DU), Karaikal, Puducherry, India; *Corresponding author



K. Mohamed Ali - E-mail: lkbkma1@gmail.com; Phone: +91 9443860890

S. Sathish Kumar - E-mail: ssksathish14@gmail.com; Phone: +91 9688536654

P.K. Govindarajan - E-mail: drpkgr@gmail.com; Phone: +91 9842536662

K. Mujibur Rahman - E-mail: mujrahman@gmail.com; Phone: +91 9843089567

S. Nancy - E-mail: sngoovi@gmail.com; Phone: +91 9159804286

Dean E-mail ID: dean@vmmckkl.edu.in

Department E-mail ID: hodcm@vmmckkl.com


Article Type

Research Article



Received May 1, 2024; Revised May 31, 2024; Accepted May 31, 2024, Published May 31, 2024



Bus drivers and conductors are facing various health hazards due to stressful working conditions. They are exposed to various occupational hazards which lead to deterioration of their health over a period of time. Therefore, it is of interest to evaluate the prevalence of diabetes and hypertension among bus drivers and conductors and to determine the factors associated with diabetes and hypertension. This cross-sectional study was done among 293 bus drivers and 157 conductors during March 2018 to December 2018 and the data was collected using a semi structured questionnaire after obtaining informed consent. Each individual was investigated for Blood sugar and Blood Pressure. Out of 450 study participants, about 6.9% were diabetic and 50.2% were hypertensive. Transport workers with single marital status, those who belong to rural areas and drivers were significant predictors for diabetes. Overweight was significantly associated with the Diabetes in negative direction. Marital status, years of experience and anxiety were significantly associated with hypertension. Hemoglobin level, total cholesterol level and blood urea level also emerged as predictors for Hypertension. Non-communicable diseases like diabetes and hypertension have surpassed the communicable diseases in affecting the health of people with distinct occupations like bus drivers and conductors.



drivers, conductors, transport workers, diabetes, hypertension, non-communicable diseases



Mohamed Ali et al. Bioinformation 20(5): 495-501 (2024)


Edited by

P Kangueane






Biomedical Informatics



This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.