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Astrovirology and terrestrial life survival



Paul Shapshak1,*, Milad Zandi2, Charurut Somboonwit1 & John T. Sinnott1



1Department of Internal Medicine, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33606, USA. 2Hepatitis Research Center, Department of Virology, Faculty of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, IRAN; *Corresponding author.



Paul Shapshak - E-mail: pshapshak@gmail.com

Milad Zandi - E-mail: miladzandi416@gmail.com

Charurut Somboonwit - E-mail: charurut@usf.edu

John T. Sinnott - E-mail: johntsinnott@gmail.com


Article Type




Received February 1, 2024; Revised February 29, 2024; Accepted February 29, 2024, Published February 29, 2024



Microbial organisms have been implicated in several mass extinction events throughout Earth’s planetary history. Concurrently, it can be reasoned from recent viral pandemics that viruses likely exacerbated the decline of life during these periods of mass extinction. The fields of exovirology and exobiology have evolved significantly since the 20th century, with early investigations into the varied atmospheric compositions of exoplanets revealing complex interactions between metallic and non-metallic elements. This diversity in exoplanetary and stellar environments suggests that life could manifest in forms previously unanticipated by earlier, more simplistic models of the 20th century. Non-linear theories of complexity, catastrophe, and chaos (CCC) will be important in understanding the dynamics and evolution of viruses.



Astrovirology, astrobiology, exoplanets, exomoons, solar system, asteroids, near Earth Ryugu, comets, atmosphere, temperature, elements, metallicity, pre-biotic chemistry, tholin, biochemistry, molecular biology, goldilocks, signature, complexity, chaos theory, catastrophe theory, singularity, attractor, biosecurity, biodefense, NIH, CDC, WHO.



Shapshak et al. Bioinformation 20(2): 146-150 (2024)


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P Shapshak






Biomedical Informatics



This is an Open Access article which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.