Biomedical Informatics publishes only ONE scientific journal named BIOINFORMATION since 2005


An interdisciplinary journal for Biological/Biomedical Knowledge Discovery (BKD) using Biological/Biomedical data with priority to BIO data science.


An interdisciplinary journal for Biological/Biomedical Data, Information and Knowledge derived using statistical and mathematical data analysis but not limited to.


An interdisciplinary journal for discovery at the interfaces of physical, chemical and biological sciences using biomedical/biological data and (or) meta-data.


An interdisciplinary journal for Biotechnology, Bioinformatics and Bioinformation Discovery.


An interdisciplinary journal for Data, Information and Knowledge in Biological/Biomedical domain.


An interdisciplinary journal for Biological/Biomedical data from bench to bedside and vice versa but not limited to.


Impact Factor (Clarivate Inc 2023 release) is 1.9 with 2,198 citations from 2020 to 2022 taken for IF calculations.


Time for first decision is about 14 days or less.


The publisher has NO plans for promoting additional journals.



Volume 20; Issue 2; February 2024


Research Article

Cloning and phylogenetic analysis of N protein gene from Rift Valley Fever Virus (RVFV)
Hassan et al. Bioinformation 20(2): 91-102 (2024)


Research Article

Molecular docking analysis of flavonoids with AChE and BACE-1
Viswanathan et al. Bioinformation 20(2): 103-109 (2024)

Research Article
Disability from cardiovascular diseases at Osh city, Kyrgyz Republic
Tazhidinovich et al. Bioinformation 20(2): 110-115 (2024)


Research Article

Mathematical model for assessing glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus
Misquith et al. Bioinformation 20(2): 116-120 (2024)


Research Article

Amino acid pattern reveals multi-functionality of ORF3 protein from HEV
Shafat et al. Bioinformation 20(2): 121-135 (2024)



Bio-ceramics application in Dentistry
Surana et al. Bioinformation 20(2): 136-139 (2024)


Research Article

Insights into amyloid precursor protein target through PPI network analysis
Grewal et al. Bioinformation 20(2): 140-145 (2024)



Astrovirology and terrestrial life survival
Shapshak et al. Bioinformation 20(2): 146-150 (2024)


Research Article

Molecular docking analysis of marine phyto-chemicals with BACE-1
Sheokand et al. Bioinformation 20(2): 151-155 (2024)




Volume 20; Issue 1; January 2024


Nipah: The looming post-covid pandemic
Sekimoto & Chiappelli, Bioinformation 20(1): 1-3 (2024)

Research Article
Leave-one-out-analysis (LOOA): web-based tool to predict influential proteins and interactions in aggregate-cross linking proteomic data
Mainali et al. Bioinformation 20(1): 4-10 (2024)

Research Article
Antioxidant, antibacterial and antiviral effect of the combination of ginger and garlic extracts
Rajendrasozhan, Bioinformation 20(1): 11-17 (2024)

Neutrinos to Astrovirology: Signatures
Shapshak et al. Bioinformation 20(1): 18-19 (2024)

Research Article
Forecasting demand for blood products: Towards inventory management of a perishable product
Thakur et al. Bioinformation 20(1): 20-28 (2024)

Artificial intelligence in Immuno-genetics
Farzan, Bioinformation 20(1): 29-35 (2024)

Letter to Editor on “Impact of smart phone use on adolescence health in India”
Chakraborty & De, Bioinformation 20(1): 36-38 (2024)

Research Article
Molecular docking, dynamics and in vitro analysis of multi-target inhibitors for Clostridioides difficile
Golchha et al. Bioinformation 20(1): 39-48 (2024)

Research Article
Linking bone marrow fat with decreased bone mineral density among Indian patients with osteoporotic fracture
Paranthaman et al. Bioinformation 20(1): 49-53 (2024)

Research Article
Serum sclerostin levels as a diagnostic marker for osteoporosis
Paranthaman et al. Bioinformation 20(1): 54-58 (2024)


Research Article
Association between asthma and periodontitis
Ibraheem et al. Bioinformation 20(1): 59-64 (2024)


Serum albumin adjusted calcium and fluoride among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients
Dubey et al. Bioinformation 20(1): 65-69 (2024)


Research Article
Serum Mg, Zn and Fe levels among coronary artery disease patients in an urban south Indian region
Swetha et al. Bioinformation 20(1): 70-73 (2024)


Research Article

Effect of listening to music among patients with dental anxiety
Ponni et al. Bioinformation 20(1): 74-78 (2024)


Research Article

Effect of family linked factors on sibling’s oral health
Pravin Kumar et al. Bioinformation 20(1): 79-84 (2024)


Research Article

Rejuvenation of bone volume with CGF and i-PRF in intra-osseous defects

Sitamahalakhsmi et al. Bioinformation 20(1): 85-90 (2024) PDF, HTML, DOI, PMC



The views and opinions expressed are those of the author(s) and do not reflect the views or opinions of Bioinformation and (or) its publisher Biomedical Informatics. Biomedical Informatics remains neutral and allows authors to specify their address and affiliation details including territory where required. Bioinformation provides a platform for scholarly communication of data and information to create knowledge in the Biological/Biomedical domain.


Declaration on Publication Ethics:

The authors state that they adhere with COPE guidelines on publishing ethics as described elsewhere at The authors also undertake that they are not associated with any other third party (governmental or non-governmental agencies) linking with any form of unethical issues connecting to this publication. The authors also declare that they are not withholding any information that is misleading to the publisher in regard to this article.


Institutional E-mail:

All authors especially the corresponding author needs to use institutional e-mail during manuscript submission for ethical reasons.


License statement:

This is an Open Access Journal which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.


Comments from readers:

Articles published in BIOINFORMATION are further open for relevant post publication comments and criticisms, which will be published immediately linking to the original article without open access charges. Comments should be concise, coherent and critical in less than 1000 words.


All generous contributions in the form of Article Processing Charges (APC) will be used for providing open access to known literature @ Bioinformation. Standard APC = USD 1000/-. Waiver up to 50% or more is provided where possible and justified. Please be informed that 100% waiver is not possible. Please note that APC contribution is voluntary and all forms of publication ethics should be upheld. APC contribution does not provide absolute right for publication. However, timely review, production and other related services will be achieved in a time bound manner.


Open Access (Free to Read) is possible only through voluntary author/reader contribution. This is a noble cause in knowledge creation.


Contributions including donations are invited from all stake holders and beneficiaries to the following bank account where possible.



Biomedical Informatics Private Limited

Bank: HDFC Bank, India IFSC: HDFC0000017

Account Number: 00172000013102, Account Type: Current

Branch Name: Anna Nagar, City: Chennai 600 041, Country: India






Advisory Notes:


Transparency is the epitome of BIOINFORMATION


BIOINFORMATION strongly believes in community engagement and open debate with transparency.


Biomedical Informatics collaborates with BMIS and AGIS for promoting BIOINFORMATION


BIOINFORMATION is Biological Knowledge Discovery (From Data to Information to Knowledge in Biology)


Declaration by authors on Publication Ethics for submission of manuscripts to BIOINFORMATION:
The authors declare that they adhere with COPE guidelines on publishing ethics as described elsewhere at
The authors also undertake that they are not associated with any other second or third parties

(governmental or non-governmental agencies) linking with any form of unethical issues or activities connecting to this publication.

The authors also declare that they are not withholding any information that is misleading to the publisher in regard to their submission.


Content Licensing:

This is an Open Access Journal which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, 
provided the original work is properly credited. This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
Publishing Ethics:
The journal adheres to COPE guidelines on publishing ethics as described elsewhere at
It is the responsibility of the authors and especially the corresponding author to adhere to all forms of publishing ethics. 
Processing Speed:
Manuscripts are processed immediately within hours from the time of submission so as to make a final decision 
within 14 days after rigorous checking and editorial (and/or) peer reviews.


Freedom of Press or Media:

We quote "It is the principle that communication and expression through various media, including printed

and electronic media, especially published materials, should be considered a right to be exercised freely.

Such freedom implies the absence of interference from an overreaching state; its preservation may be sought

through constitutional or other legal protections" as described elsewhere.

Writing Quality:
Writing should be highly critical, concise, coherent, precise, specific and direct to the context.

Each statement (except for the last 1 or 2 statements) made under background needs a valid and a closely relevant reference where possible.

Please refrain (meaning avoid) from making general statements.



Conclusion should be simple and direct in not more than 2-3 statements. Statements should be coherent (connect with one another).


Plagiarism Check:
The journal uses several available search (TEXT Pattern Matching AND (OR) Natural Language Processing (NLP)) tools 
(COMMERCIAL and (or) FREE) enabled with representative databases. This is in addition to manual (editorial) 
screening through reading for adequate validation where possible. Please be informed that "inappropriate text recycling" 
in Abstract, Background, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Table Captions and Figure Legends are NOT ALLOWED.
Review Process:
All manuscripts submitted to BIOINFORMATION are processed immediately using Scholar One (Clarivate Analytics, Inc) and is subjected to editorial (ONE or 
more) and (or) "closely relevant peer" (ONE or more) reviews where required. Please be informed that Publons has become an integral part of 
Web of Science and hence Scholar One uses Publons for reviewer selection in addition to author suggested reviewers.
Timely Peer Review:
This is very important. Peer review is done on a voluntary basis thanks to the peer reviewers who entertain such services in the interest of data quality.
Peer review should be fair, just and timely. Databases such as Publons in Scholar One (Clarivate Analytics, Inc) help scrawl for hundreds of relevant peer reviewers 
automatically within minutes if not in seconds. Mixed reviews are a challenge to handling editors. Maximum reviews help the authors. However, maximum reviews often results in mixed
reviews and views. This remains has a great challenge to publisher.
Editorial Role:
The role of editors is critical in journal publishing. This does not just remain in handling the manuscript by sending to two reviews and making a decision based on two reviews. 
This may not be justifiable in most cases. The role of editors is to help edit the manuscripts towards improvement and engage the scientific community.
Editors usually have dual jobs. Their main role is academia where they draw their salary. Editors role is often voluntary and inclusive in nature. 
The degree of justice in such scenario is debated. Very few editors are 100% dedicated as editors in journal publishing.
Reading is easy, writing is difficult and editing is noble.
Author contributions in Biology:
Biology is a complex subject with many unknown facts. So there is a need to expand the scientific community across continents. Therefore, liberal engagement of scientific 
views across continents through open access publishing models is highly pertinent in the modern socio economic setup.
Open access (GOLD):
BIOINFORMATION is open access (GOLD).

Open access (OA) contribution (effective November 1, 2020):

An open access (OA) contribution of USD 1000 (Production; indexing; CROSSREF DOI, open access charge;

Editorial expenses and maintenance charges) is applicable. This helps readers around the world to download articles

from BIOINFORMATION for free of cost. Please be informed that OA contribution is applicable only for those manuscripts found suitable for publication in

the journal after administrative checking followed by editorial and (or) peer reviews. We provide adequate discount upon kind request where feasible and applicable.


Waiver request:

Waiver request should be made during submission and it is possible to some extend through request and negotiation.

Please be informed that 100% waiver is NOT possible as we are not funded by any Government agency.


Comments and post publication reviews:

The journal welcomes comments, letter to the editors and post publication reviews as comments from readers



The journal welcomes donations and contributions to support BIOINFORMATION, an open access publication.

The readers can make voluntary contribution to the journal from as low as USD 1. Please contact us for more details.


Withdrawal policies:

Clarivate ScholarOne online allows automatic withdrawal of manuscript before an initial and (or) a final decision is made. However, withdrawal is not possible

after an initial and (or) a final decision is made. Please be informed that this is not applicable for rejected manuscripts.


Retraction policies:

The journal is fully open access.

We take all possible steps to comply with publishing ethics as per COPE guidelines.

However, the features describing publishing ethics are often limitless in nature.

Hence, we invite and entertain readers to report such issues to the publisher to analyze and investigate the

corresponding data to take appropriate decision after a detailed discussion in a transparent manner.


Advisory Note:

Authors are advised to check their manuscript for any unacceptable degree of TEXT recycling using

tools like or or available at the host institute.

Please also upload a copy of such reports during submission to avoid delay in processing.


Discount offer:

Discount offer is available for authors who provide self plagiarism check report using any of or or during submission.

Please check with your institution for the availability of such tools. This will help speed up processing.



The SCOPUS database is a product of a major science and social journal publisher company named Elsevier Inc from Netherlands.

The linked company is RELX INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED (CIN: U72900DL1996PTC077903). Elsevier plays dual role both as a publisher and indexing resource creator. This position of Elsevier Inc from Netherlands is clearly biased and ambiguous in nature. There is commerce involved and academia are mislead by this position followed by their unwarranted marketing strategies within academia. Freedom of press is primary. There are COPE guidelines to balance data of all form in open access publishing models. The attempted service provided by Elsevier Inc is exhaustive and therefore, the board taking such decision should be transparent, comprehensive, representative and exhaustive to upheld the freedom of the press and natural justice.

A couple of dozen people should not make such decision to influence commerce at large across continents covering over about 8 billion people.

Names and credibility of the board should be transparent and listed in both online and offline media. It is in the interest of transparency that the "turn around time" to address and entertain any issue raised by the "so called" board (usually latent) should be less than 14 days and clearly not 3 or 4 years. The message with such intention is clearly biased and commercial in nature. Please be advised that commerce is a function of time. Justice delayed is justice denied. It should be noted that we credit Elsevier Inc for maintaining Science Direct for a price though commercial. The efforts to make contents in Science Direct accessible worldwide will be clearly noble. Please be informed that commerce is a part of economics around the world. It is also not fair to dominate the space through monopoly aided by capitalism sponsored by banks in support of states. Grow and let others to grow too in a world dominant with democratic socialistic principles. Teach them, help them, embrace them and enlighten them where possible if you are in a better position.

This should be all inclusive.


Role of Governments:

Role of government should be neutral by upholding freedom of the press (expression and human rights) and natural justice as per article 10 of the constitution of UK or article 19 of the constitution of India. Governments or representatives of governments should stay away from blocking Freedom of the Press (expression). Government notifications in any form in relation to as hindrance to the freedom of the press is unwarranted. It is often biased to certain parties and it is unconstitutional in nature. It should be noted that all publications are classified as New Papers under the GST schedule. Hence, biased notifications favoring certain parties in commerce is unwarranted. It should be noted that science for service in a society is the success story of

scientists with serenity as described elsewhere. Hence, engagement is essential.


Note on service:

It should be noted that everyone is working or providing service or rendering their skills for a price in a social democracy with pride, equality, freedom and liberty.


Open access:
Access to available literature for advancement through the application of science for the society is secretly sensitive yet sacred.

The quote from BOAI "the promise was that removing access barriers would allow the world to "accelerate research,

enrich education, share the learning of the rich with the poor and the poor with the rich … and lay the foundation for

uniting humanity in a common intellectual conversation and quest for knowledge" explains everything as

described elsewhere. Thus, the formation of several open access (free to read) journals through the initiatives

like PMC is engaging, entertaining and enlightening for everyone as listed elsewhere.


Open access and Scientific community:

It is the responsibility of all stakeholders and beneficiaries especially the scientific community (advanced teaching and research) to make all reports available for the general public (tax payers (direct or indirect)). Please be informed that all the about 8 billion people pay tax or render service for tax in one way or the other. Open access is a joint responsibility of all stakeholders in this context.


Science, Scientist, Society and Service:

Science for service in a society is the success story of scientists with serenity as described elsewhere. The commerce in science publishing is highlighted in this note. Science is not for the self success of scientists and it is for the society especially to serve the under privileged population. Please be informed that farmers and farm workers contribute to tax money (either direct or indirect) that is used for science and its advancement in all economies (developed, developing and under developed). Therefore, the research notes from science funded by tax payers should be made available and accessible to the kins of all tax payers. It should be noted that all members of the globe participate (direct and indirect) in a democracy through contribution with pride and respect.


Note on predatory (meaning greedy) publications (meaning journals):

It is a pointless pondering on predatory (meaning greedy) publications (meaning journals) while practicing publishing through freedom of the Press.

It should be noted that a weak publication will vanish itself in an open access publishing model where contents are made available for free on the WWW.

The fundamental question in this context is the definition of host and predator. The second question is the type (data and or commercial) and subsequent measure of effect of the predator on the host. Detailed discussion on this issue or any other related issue is welcomed under the freedom of the Press yet conclusion on it will be often biased and is clearly unwarranted. The parties aware of such concerns should write to the publisher (with address for communication) to take such action within such time to stand corrected. Please be informed that ISSN is unique for each publication and portals for ISSN is distributed throughout the world in each country. This is well monitored and clearly streamlined. Therefore, NO two publication titles will be identical. Awareness from authors on misleading or misinformed or misrepresented ISSN is important and such information should be petitioned to ISSN and  portals for ISSN that are distributed throughout the world with state mechanisms to monitor such activities. Academia should be self aware on these issues and have discussions on the quality and quantity of data taken to the context. Caveat Emptor is applicable among the literate community as in this case to a considerable extend. The only problem could arise because  of compromised (unregistered or mirrored) ISSN number published on the WWW which is already well regulated through DNS lookup. Therefore, parties concerned about ethical issues on scientific publishing should write to concerned publishers with known address to stand corrected or to ISSN and  portals for ISSN or to DNS lookup where address is not available to correct such issues through available state mechanisms. Hence, biased advisory notes from government representations, society sponsored mass campaign through news/TV media and academic miss representation based on data collected by an individual without physical address for communication is clearly unwarranted in this regard.


Academic freedom:

It should be informed that academic freedom is an integral part of an academy where views and opinion of academicians should be entertained in a free and fair manner. This will accelerate discovery and innovations with improved service having optimal checks and balances where required with transparency. Members of the academy have tools such as the RTI and the Honorable ombudsman in all known democracies with modern civilization within the ambit of the UN charter. Members should write to such authorities for such rights using a multi-faceted modus operandi to sustain natural justice. The role of heads (Directors, Vice Chancellors, Presidents) of institutions (government or non-government) is critical even if voluminous (huge) in nature. Members of the academy should follow general guidelines (These are not hard and fast rules. This may be local in perspective) as per natural justice.



EBSCO is an indexing database provider from the USA. It is neutral in its operation that is fair and just. However, it sponsors the DOAJ database that is latently linked to

a Sweden based Lund University with some unknown links to organizations in Netherlands.


Springer Nature Inc:

Springer Nature (with several firms registered in India under different names as per MCA portal) is a major science publisher from Germany and or Switzerland. The position taken by Springer Nature as a publisher in the open domain is unbiased. However, it is linked with a number of societies in Europe through "potential sponsor" related associations.


Web of Science:

Web of Science is a product of Clarivate Analytics, Inc. (Clarivate Analytics (India) a data analytics company based in the USA. The current position taken by Clarivate Analytics, Inc is unbiased at large. However, it should be noted that Clarivate Analytics Inc is a business entity and a for profit organization. Their position is business oriented and it influences scientific communication at large. It should be noted that Freedom of Expression is primary.





BIOINFORMATION published by Biomedical Informatics, India since 2005

This is an Open Access Journal which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited.

This is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.